A smiling female student drips a chemical into a vial.A smiling female student drips a chemical into a vial.

ANT-Anthropology

ANT100 - Introduction to Anthropology

This course is an introduction to biological anthropology (primatology, hominid evolution, variation in modern humans), archaeology (methods, evidences of the evolution and diffusion of culture), anthropological linguistics, and cultural anthropology (methods of participant observation, comparative data from non-Western societies, diversity and unity of culture). (3 crs.)

ANT101 - Archaeology Field School

An introduction to archaeological procedures by participation in the excavation of a site, this course provides the opportunity for students to be involved in all phases of an archaeological excavation, from initial preparation of the site for excavation through the processing of artifacts at the campus archaeological laboratory. (3-6 crs., summer only)

ANT200 - Old World Prehistory

A middle-level survey of the main archaeological focal points of the Old World, this course requires a basic understanding of archaeological concepts, goals and techniques. (3 crs.)

ANT220 - Aztecs Mayas and Incas

An introduction to and survey of the ethnology and pre-conquest archaeology of the advanced American Indian cultures of Meso-America and the Andean culture area, this course focuses on inquiry into the problems of cultural precocity. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT231 - Medical Anthropology

This introductory course emphasizes the contributions from biological anthropology, archaeology and cultural anthropology to the study of human sickness and health. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT232 - Fundamentals of Biological Anthropology

This course for both majors and non-majors introduces students to the field of biological anthropology, including the study of evolutionary theory, modern human populations, the behavior and ecology of nonhuman primates, and the primate (human and nonhuman) fossil record. Special emphasis will be directed toward human form and behavior as a result of the complex interplay of biology and culture acting over millions of years of evolutionary change. Three hours weekly. (3 crs.)

ANT245 - Human Osteology

This lab-intensive course is designed to give students a thorough understanding of the complexity and usefulness of the study of human teeth and bones. Osteology is the study of human skeletal remains and is a crucial part of the physical anthropology curriculum. It has applications in archaeology, anatomy, paleontology and forensic science. Students will learn the entire human skeleton and be able to identify bones and teeth from fragments; determine qualities such as sex, age and pathology from osteological remains; and prepare a professional report on these topics. The application of such knowledge and training is extended into the medical profession, forensic investigation and paleoanthropology/archaeology. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT254 - Introduction to Forensic Anthropology

This course teaches the basic analysis of human remains for the medico-legal profession, covering the development of the field of forensic anthropology, how the biological profile of an individual is determined from the skeleton, how skeletal traumas are evaluated, estimation of the interval since death, and how far these assessments can be supported. The course includes discussion of investigation of crime scenes, the legal role of the physical anthropologist as an expert witness, and the importance of report preparation. Case studies of documented individuals are used. While the practical aspects of this field will be the primary focus, attention will also be drawn to the incorporation of anthropological approaches to dealing with death and the handling of human remains. (3 crs.)

ANT255 - World Ethnology

This advanced course in cultural anthropology studies comparative data from text and films about non-Western cultures to reveal cultural differences and similarities and the nature of the ethnographic enterprise. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT280 - Indians of North America

Social anthropology and cultural ecology of American Indian cultures is covered. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT290 - Archaeology

This course is a comprehensive survey of archaeology: history, theory and techniques. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT300 - Cultural Views of Women

This discussion-based course is structured around the theme of how various world societies have viewed women. The cross-cultural perspective is the means by which American students learn to appreciate other cultural points of view and become more self-aware of their own cultural views about women. (3 crs.)

ANT329 - Anthropology Internship

Learning new ideas and skills, as well as applying those already learned in class, is the objective of an internship. Internships are conducted under the guidance of both an on-site and a campus supervisor. Internships are a means for exploring career opportunities. (Variable crs. 1-16 crs.)

ANT340 - Research Laboratory in Physical Anthropology

This course will provide the student practical, hands-on experience in the cleaning/conservation, cataloging process and basic analysis (classification and description) of specimens commonly used in physical anthropology and how to report the results of laboratory analysis. It shows also how analysis and theory are inescapably linked. Hands-on projects use skeletal elements, dental, biological and paleontological specimens. Students will apply the scientific method in their analysis of data and will report the results in a professional manner within the classroom. Prerequisites: ANT 100; ANT 245; ANT 254; MAT 215 or MAT 225 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT341 - Research Laboratory in Archaeology

This course will provide the student practical, hands-on experience in the cleaning/conservation, cataloguing process, basic analysis (classification and description) of artifacts from archaeological contexts, and how to report the results of laboratory analysis. It shows also how analysis and theory are inescapably linked. Hands-on projects use faunal, lithic, ground stone, and ceramic collections recovered from Late Prehistoric sites from southwestern Pennsylvania. Students apply the principles of hypothesis testing to artifact assemblages from sites that are part of ongoing research into the prehistory of southwestern Pennsylvania and the lower upper Ohio River Valley.

ANT345 - Cultural Politics of Food & Eating

An advanced interdisciplinary course on the cross-cultural study of cultural differences and similarities in the display, exchange and consumption of food both prehistorically and historically. Since food serves more than just a dietary need, studying how it is manipulated can shed light on the political, social and economic agendas of individuals, groups and governments. The course draws from the fields of psychology, sociology, political science, history and anthropology. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor (3 crs.)

ANT349 - Anthropology of Law and Justice

This course undertakes the study of the anthropology of law through an interdisciplinary approach and seeks to provide a basis for an in-depth understanding and critical analysis of the role of law in society. Included in the course are subject areas such as methods of approaching the anthropological study of law, e.g., ethnology and understanding the concepts of comparative legal pluralism and mobile law. Specific areas of culture and law include the law of primitive man, Egypt, Rome, Greece and Mesopotamia. Jewish Law, Canon Law, Islamic Law and the English Common Law are also examined from the perspective of the influences of cultures and society on the law and their practices, rituals and ceremonies. Finally, the course covers topics relating to the legal aspects of archaeology, exhumations and giving testimony in court. (3 crs.)

ANT355 - Prehistoric American Indians

The archaeology and reconstructed culture of Indians of the eastern United States is studied. Prerequisite: ANT 290 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT360 - Historic Sites Archaeology

This course covers techniques, philosophy, work and aims of that branch of history and anthropology that studies the American past from a cultural-archaeological point of view. The course includes study of military and community restorations based on historical archaeology, such as Colonial Williamsburg, Plymouth Plantation, Independence Square, Fort Michilimackinac, Fort Ligonier and Fort Necessity. Some laboratory and field experiences included. Prerequisite: ANT 290 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT370 - Forensic Archaeology

Forensic Archaeology is an interdisciplinary course designed to introduce archaeology, forensic anthropology, and criminal justice majors to the procedures associated with the location, identification, recovery and documentation of buried human remains. The course contains three main components: identifying human remains, strategies of locating human remains, and procedures for the recovery and documental of those remains. Students will obtain practical, hands-on training in each of the three areas. ANT 290 or permission of Instructor (3 crs.)

ANT379 - Special Problems in Anthropology

Special Problems in Anthropology is a topics course. Areas not covered by the existing curriculum can be explored in a focused study on a topic identified by a faculty member. (Variable crs.)

ANT385 - Primate Societies and Behavior

This course is an advanced study of the nonhuman primates, including classification to the generic level. Prerequisite: ANT 285 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT390 - Human Origins

This course covers contemporary biological anthropology, emphasizing the evolutionary theory, genetics, nonhuman primates, taxonomic classification, the evolution of human beings as part of the evolution of the primates, the importance of technology, and the emergence and development of culture. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT400 - Fundamentals of Archaeological Theory

The course is devoted to an examination of the epistemology of archaeology through close, critical reading of a selected set of papers and readings covering the major theoretical and methodological issues in the discipline from the 18th century to the present and how these are used in the study of culture history, past lifeways and cultural process. Specific topics to be covered while discussing the historical development of archaeological method and theory include goals of archaeology, research design, hypothesis testing, CRM issues, the proper place of statistics in archaeological research, the role of ethnoarchaeological research, the use of analogy in archaeological reconstruction, site taphonomy, settlement patterns, evolutionary archaeology, and the relationship of archaeology to anthropology and history. Prerequisites: ANT 100; ANT 290 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT421 - Anthropological Thought

Within a seminar context, the history of anthropological thought is examined from the period of the Enlightenment to modern times. Particular emphasis is placed on the emergence of the various schools of anthropology that have developed and waned over the past 100 years. Prerequisite: Junior or senior anthropology major, or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT445 - Advanced Methods in Archaeology

A study of applications of technology to the study of archaeological remains, this advanced course focuses on geophysical reconnaissance, GIS, microscopic study of use-wear patterns on bone and stone tools, aerial photography, and other analytical techniques for the study of specific categories of archaeological remains. This course allows the students to acquire hands-on experience that is not available in any other course. Prerequisites: ANT 100; ANT 290; and ANT 400 (3 crs.)

ANT446 - Advanced Forensic Anthro

Forensic Anthropology is an applied area of physical anthropology. Students in this intensive lab and lecture course will become familiar with the use and limitations of the most important osteological methods currently used by forensic anthropologists. This course employs methods developed in osteology, skeletal biology, bioarchaeology, and paleopathology to the recovery and identification of human remains in a medico-legal context. This is a writing intensive course. Prerequisites: ANT 100, ANT 245, ANT 254, MAT 215 or 225, or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT497 - Seminar in Physical Anthropology

This is an advanced course for studying a specific theoretical and/or methodological issue in physical anthropology. Examples of topics include primatology, classification and systematics, dental anthropology, and paleopathology. The selection of the topic or topics to be examined will vary in accordance with the research interests of the instructor and the students. Prerequisites: ANT 100; ANT 245; ANT 290 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT498 - Seminar in Archaeology

An advanced course for studying a specific theoretical and/or methodological issue in archaeology. Examples of topics include settlement pattern archaeology, evolutionary archaeology, household archaeology, classification, systematics and cultural history units such as the Late Prehistoric and the Late Woodland. The selection of the topic or topics to be examined will vary in accordance with the research interests of the instructor and students. Prerequisites: ANT 100; 290; 400 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

ANT499 - Senior Seminar in Anthropology

All seniors are required to take this course. The senior seminar is an in-depth examination of issues relevant to the health, vitality and practice of anthropology. Some of the topics to be discussed include epistemology, paradigms, interdisciplinary research, discipline goals, professional ethics, publication and careers. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)