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BIO-Biological Science

BIO103 - Contemporary Issues in Biology

Basic biological principles are applied to the understanding of current social-biological problems and how these relate to an individual's personal life. Topics included are human sexuality, nutrition, health and disease, evolution, behavior, and the diversity of life. Three lecture-hours weekly. For students not majoring in biology. (3 crs.) Fall and spring.

BIO112 - Biology of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

A non-major biology course pertaining to the causes and consequences of human sexually transmitted diseases. Descriptions of the micro-organisms which cause STDs and the factors involved in their dissemination will be studied. Special emphasis will be directed toward human behavior patterns and mores which are conducive to contracting these venereal diseases. Viral STDs (acquired immune deficiency syndrome, human papilloma disease, herpes simplex II and hepatitis B) will be emphasized because they can cause severe diseases or even death in humans; however, the more common venereal diseases (syphilis, gonorrhea, lymphogranuloma, venereum, chancroid and candidiasis) will also be studied. Three lecture-hours weekly. (3 crs.) Variable.

BIO120 - General Zoology

A comprehensive survey of the animal kingdom, the course places an emphasis on evolutionary relationships and the interrelationships of animals with their environments. Laboratory study of representative members of the major phyla is included. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall and spring.

BIO125 - General Botany

This course is a survey of form and function of the major plant groups as well as the bacteria, algae, water molds, slime molds and fungi within the overall framework of a modern phylogenetic system of classification. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall and spring.

BIO130 - Biological Illustration: Form and Function

An introductory course in biology and drawing with an emphasis on the relationship between form and function. Working with plants and animals, and using a combination of macroscopic and microscopic specimens, students will focus on the careful observation and interpretation of biological forms. Drawing instruction will focus on a variety of techniques commonly used in the biological sciences. Biology instruction will introduce students to basic scientific methodology, the diversity of living forms, the variety of ecological strategies related to those forms and their scientific classification. This is a team-taught lecture and studio course, with the class in biology lecture one day, and in studio/lab instruction the second day. corequisite: ART 130. 1 1/2 lecture hours and 1 1/2 studio hours weekly. (3crs.)

BIO201 - Survey of Biotechnology

A survey of the scientific principles, research methods, commercial applications, societal impacts, and business environment that impact and define the operation of biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. Students will learn how genes, proteins and cells work, how biotechnologists study and manipulate living organisms, and how those methods are used to solve problems and create products in medicine, agriculture, industry, criminal justice and the environment. Students will examine ethical, social and economic issues affecting the use of biotechnologies, and the business and regulatory environment in which biotechnology companies operate. The course gives a detailed industry overview relevant to science, engineering, computer science, information management, and business majors considering technical or business careers in biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies or any student interesting in biotechnology's impact on the human condition. This is a Web-based course. (3 crs.) Fall and Spring. Approved UCC (01.31.05)

BIO215 - Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Biology

This course is designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of cell chemistry and biology as well as introduce the concepts and skills of molecular biology. It will cover topics such as cellular organization in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells including organelles and genome organization. It will explore the Central Dogma, Genetics and Protein modification and sorting. The lab portion will consist of cell culture and cloning, introduction to molecular techniques such as gel electrophoresis, cloning, restriction enzyme digest and cell counting. Pre-requisite: BIO 120 or BIO 125. (4 crs.) Fall and spring

BIO226 - Basic Microbiology

This course provides a survey of the prokaryotic and the medically important concepts of microbiology, including microbial control, acquisition of disease, and disease prevention and control. Prerequisites: This course is for students who are enrolled in a nursing program or have obtained permission of the instructor. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. Prerequisite: Admission into the Community College of Allegheny County nursing program (4 crs.) Fall and summer.

BIO230 - Anatomy and Physiology I

This course is a general survey of the basic anatomical terms of position and direction, relevant scientific units, chemical components of living organisms, homeostasis, animal cytology, histology, the integumentary system, rudiments of neurology, the skeletal system, and the cardiovascular system. Prerequisites: This course is for students who are enrolled in a nursing program or have obtained permission of the instructor. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. Pre-Requisite: Admission into the Community College of Allegheny County nursing program (4 crs.) Fall and spring.

BIO232 - Fundamentals of Biological Anthropology

An introduction to the field of biological anthropology, this course includes the study of evolutionary theory, human evolution and the fossil record, modern human populations, and the behavior and ecology of nonhuman primates. Three hours weekly, combining lecture and laboratory. (3 crs.) Alternate spring.

BIO248 - General Ecology

Ecology presents the biology or environmental science student with a holistic approach to the study of the biological environment. Emphasis is on the natural environments of organisms, particularly as biotic assemblages of these organisms interact with their environments from the concrete levels of organization up to the regional and biome levels. Prerequisites: BIO 120 or BIO 125 and BIO 215 or permission of the instructor. (4 crs.) Fall and Spring

BIO260 - Anatomy and Physiology II

This course is a general survey of the basic structure of the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems, sensory receptors and special sense organs, the endocrine system, the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system, the respiratory system, the digestive system, the urinary system, the reproductive system, human embryonic development, and metabolism. Prerequisites: BIO 230 and admission into the Community College of Allegheny County nursing program. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall and spring.

BIO305 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

A comparative study of the vertebrate organs and organ systems of animals in the phylum chordata, this course places emphasis on evolutionary changes. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall odd years

BIO306 - Human Anatomy

A study of the structure of the human body, this course includes discussion of the 11 fundamental systems. Each system is described in terms of its gross anatomy, with some discussion of histology and physiology where appropriate. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall

BIO307 - Plant Anatomy

A detailed study of the form and function of the various cell and tissue types found in higher plants, this course also surveys how scientific knowledge of plant anatomy is applied within a diverse range of fields, including ecology, forensic science, archeology, climatology, the arts and engineering. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 125 and 215. (4 crs.) Spring, even years

BIO318 - Genetics

An introduction to molecular genetics and to the basic principles of inheritance, this course covers gene interactions, multiple-factor inheritance, chromosome inheritance, chromosome mapping, chromosomal and extrachromosomal inheritance. The roles of mutation, selection, migration and genetic drift are investigated to determine the genetic composition of different populations. Prerequisites: BIO 215, CHE 101 and MAT 181. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall and spring.

BIO325 - Animal Histology

This course is a study of cellular differentiations in tissue, tissue identification and special functions, especially in the mammals. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Spring, odd years.

BIO326 - General Microbiology

A detailed study of bacteria and viruses, this course also places some emphasis on fungi, algae and protozoans. Special emphasis is given to medical aspects of bacteriology, immunology and virology. The cytology, physiology, microbiology and culture of microbes are pursued in the laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO 125 and 215, CHE 101 and 102, or permission of the instructor. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall.

BIO327 - Parasitology

A comprehensive review of the biology of parasites and their interactions with their hosts and vectors. The course will cover principles of disease and epidemiology, the biology and ecology of the eukaryotic parasites causing disease in animals, the host response to infection, treatments, and preventive measures. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 215. (4 crs.) Spring, even years.

BIO328 - Human Physitology

The functions of the human body are covered. Basic physiological phenomena are studied with considerable emphasis on clinical and practical application. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Spring.

BIO335 - Plant Physiology

The physio-chemical foundations of plant functions are investigated, including such topics as water and salt absorption, photosynthesis, respiration, plant growth substances, photoperiodic responses, mineral metabolism, germination, and the effects of air pollution on plants. Recent advances in the field of plant physiology are included. Prerequisites: BIO 125 and BIO 215, CHE 101 and CHE 102. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall, odd years

BIO336 - Plant Taxonomy

A study of relationships among the vascular plants, their classification and methods of identification, this course stresses plant families native to western Pennsylvania. Prerequisites: BIO 125 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Spring, odd years

BIO337 - Ornithology

The study of bird life, this course covers classification, anatomy, ecology, behavior and recognition of birds, with emphasis on local species and their relationships to people and the ecological balance with other organisms. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 248. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours or field activity weekly. (4 crs.) Spring

BIO400 - Mammalogy

This course is a study of the classification, distribution and natural history of mammals, with emphasis on eastern North American species. It includes field studies and laboratory work with preserved specimens. Prerequisites: BIO 120, BIO 215 and BIO 248. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall, odd years

BIO407 - Mycology

A detailed examination of mushrooms, molds, and human mycoses, including an introduction to fungal ecology and assessment of fungal classification, as well as molecular systematics and an overview of medical significance. The course utilizes hands-on, student-driven, inquiry-based practices. Students will use scientific processes and procedures, data analysis, and research tools to investigate fungal morphogenesis, molecular diagnostics, culture techniques, ecological relationships, and human pathogenesis. Prerequisites: BIO 125 and 215. (4 crs.)

BIO410 - Developmental Biology

This course provides an introduction to developmental biology. It will explore different modes of embryogenesis in invertebrates and vertebrates and examine the cellular and molecular mechanisms of animal development using a variety of model organisms and experimental techniques. Emphasis will be placed on the connection between development and disease, between developmental biology and evolution, and on the experimental approaches that have been used to shed light on developmental mechanisms. Current issues surrounding developmental biology, such as stem cells and reproductive technology, will also be discussed. (4 crs.)

BIO414 - Plant Ecology

A consideration of the plant communities (and associated populations) which are influenced by both biotic and physical factors. The emphasis in this course is on the vegetation of Pennsylvania and the broader region. Laboratory work provides the student with the opportunity to become familiar with modern methods of vegetation analysis and community sampling. (4 crs.) Prerequisites: BIO 125 and BIO 248.

BIO418 - Biological Research Investigations

This course is intended for advanced undergraduate students who wish to develop an independent research project within the biological and environmental sciences. Emphasis is placed on the use of various scientific instruments and biological procedures necessary for research investigations. Each research project is unique, and the data collected should ultimately be presented and or published. Prerequisites: BIO 120 or BIO 125 and BIO 215, one biology elective course, junior or senior standing, and a 3.00 GPA. (Variable 1-4 crs.)

BIO425 - Neurobiology

An examination of the structure and function of nervous systems, the course is designed to develop a detailed understanding of nervous system structure and function from the molecular level to the level of complex circuits such as learning and memory. A central theme is the comparison of the neurological circuits across phyla to identify basic organizational principles. Prerequisites: BIO 305 or 306 and BIO 328 or 486. Three hours of lecture weekly. (3 crs.) Variable.

BIO433 - Herpetology

A consideration of the amphibia and reptilia from taxonomical, morphological, evolutionary, behavioral and physiological viewpoints, this course emphasizes ecological relationships. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Spring, even years.

BIO435 - Ichthyology

An introduction to the morphology, taxonomy, ecology and distribution of the major groups of freshwater fishes, this course emphasizes the northeastern U.S. fauna. Prerequisites: BIO 120, BIO 215 and BIO 248. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall, even years.

BIO441 - Ethology

Ethology examines animal behavior within the framework of evolutionary biology, using the comparative methods (in both lecture and the laboratory) to examine similarities and differences in ecology, anatomy and physiology, genetics, and development patterns. Prerequisites: BIO 120, BIO 215, BIO 248, and BIO 318 or permission of the instructor. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Spring odd years.

BIO442 - Forest Ecology and Dendrology

A study of the forest and its ecology and management, this course includes the identification of the major woody plants, their growth, structure and natural history. An emphasis is given to the forest communities and tree and shrub species common to the eastern United States. Prerequisites: BIO 125 and 248. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall, odd years.

BIO445 - Entomology

A specialized study of insects, this course covers identification and classification, development phases, physiological characteristics, economic importance, and disease vectors. Prerequisite: BIO 120 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Spring, odd years.

BIO446 - Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology

This course will examine the diversity of freshwater invertebrates, with an emphasis on their evolution, ecology, taxonomy and practical uses. Students will learn how to collect invertebrates in the field and will use specimens collected from local habitats to develop basic taxonomic skills. During class field trips, students will learn how to design and conduct field surveys designed to evaluate ecosystem health using aquatic invertebrates as biological indicators. Prerequisite: BIO 120 (4 crs.)

BIO450 - Immunology

A detailed study of the immune system of animals, this course covers nonspecific and specific host responses to foreign materials, the interaction between cells of the specific immune response, the nature and diversity of the immune response, the practical applications of the immune response, and disorders associated with the immune response. Prerequisites: BIO 120, BIO 215, and BIO 318 or BIO 326. Three lecture-hours weekly. (3 crs.) Spring odd years.

BIO460 - Pathophysiology

This course introduces students to understanding how the body responds to diseases resulting from homeostatic imbalances. After completing this course, students will understand how a loss of homeostasis results in pathologies, how pathophysiological changes in the body progress, and how the body responds to those changes both at a local and systemic level. Topics include diseases and disorders related to cells and cell proliferation, as well as the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, and muscular systems. Prerequisites: BIO 215, BIO 328 or BIO 486 or junior-senior standing in B.S.N nursing program (3 crs.)

BIO478 - Evolution

An advanced, writing intensive course, that examines the mechanisms resulting in biological evolution. Emphasis is placed on how these mechanisms operate at a variety of levels, from individual genes to distantly related species, and thereby produce the diversity of life observed on earth. The origin of life, speciation and hominid evolution are also studied in detail. Prerequisites: BIO 120, BIO 125, BIO 215 and BIO 318. (3 crs.) Fall.

BIO480 - Cell Biology

This course studies the biology of the cell, with emphasis on the relationship of structure and function within the cell. It is a study of cell organelles, growth, division, macromolecules, membranes, synthesis and regulation. Prerequisites: BIO 120, BIO 125, BIO 215 and CHE 331. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Spring.

BIO486 - Comparative Animal Physiology

This course is a comparative approach to the study of physiological systems in animals relative to environmental pressures and phylogenetic standing. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 215. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. (4 crs.) Fall, even years.

BIO488 - Water Pollution Biology

This course is a survey of the impact of various types of environmental pollutants on aquatic biological communities. Community responses are analyzed in a lecture/laboratory format with emphasis on collection in the field. Three lecture-hours and three laboratory-hours weekly. Prerequisites: CHE 101. (4 crs.) Alternate years

BIO492 - Biological and Environmental Science Internship

Student interns are placed with an organization or institution which most nearly approximates their goals for employment. The intent of the internship is to provide students with practical work experience in an environment in which they will be dealing with practical problems requiring real solutions in a relatively short time frame. Adviser and department chair approval is required before course enrollment. Students must register through InternLink and complete all the necessary online workshops to become eligible for an internship. Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing and adviser/department chair permission. Variable (1-12 credits).