A smiling female student drips a chemical into a vial.A smiling female student drips a chemical into a vial.

JUS-Justice, Law and Society

JUS101 - Introduction to Justice Studies

The course covers the nature, scope and impact of crime in the United States; independent and interdependent operations and procedures of police, courts and corrections; and introductory theories of crime and delinquency. The course introduces the justice model in a systematic way whereby students delve into the numerous components of the justice system, including law enforcement, legal and judicial process and correctional operations. Career opportunities will be fully covered throughout the course. (3 crs.)

JUS102 - Introduction to Law Enforcement

An introduction to the law enforcement system in America, which is the gateway to the criminal justice process, this course covers topics such as the historical foundations of police processes, occupational roles and tasks of law enforcement, and the nature and designs of typical, as well as innovative, police systems. Perennial problems of policing, particularly as it relates to community interaction, are also essential components of the course. (3 crs.)

JUS103 - Correctional Systems

Course examines the management, structure and organizational design of correctional institutions. Correctional planning, construction, program evaluation and community interaction will be considered, and improvement strategies for correctional operations will be debated and critiqued. The course provides a broad overview of the correctional system which incarcerates and confines, treats and reclaims criminal personalities, and protects and serves the state and the community by removing threats to the social order. (3 crs.)

JUS104 - Introduction to Security

A basic overview of private-sector justice is the course's chief aim. Types of security operations and functions comprise much of the course coverage, including perimeter and physical security, intelligence gathering, retail and industrial security, terrorism and executive protection, as well as security in select business and industrial centers. Careers, regulation and licensure, and the debate on professionalization are other areas of major intellectual concern. (3 crs.)

JUS105 - Introduction of Forensic Science

Forensic science is the use of science in a court of law and encompasses various scientific disciplines. This course is an introduction to the field of forensic science. This course is designed to expose students to various methodologies and applications used in the forensic context, which involves the collection, examination, evaluation and interpretation of evidence. Topics discussed include crime scene investigation, collection and categorization of physical evidence, the physical properties of glass and soil, instrumental analysis, hair, fiber and plant evidence, forensic serology, arson evidence, DNA evidence, fingerprints, tool and firearm marks, and document and voice analysis. (3 crs.)

JUS201 - Criminal Investigation

This course is a comprehensive examination of civil and criminal investigations in both public and private modes, including most major felony processes and relevant civil actions. Focus is on the fundamentals of the investigative process and the range of skills necessary for successful performance and management of investigations, including evidence gathering and analysis, witness assessment, field techniques, and linkage between investigative and prosecutorial agencies. (3 crs.)

JUS205 - Principles of Homeland Security

Students will gain an understanding of homeland security by analyzing the various security principles and policies that establish a foundation upon which to organize U.S. security efforts as a nation. Students will study how the national strategy aligns and focuses homeland security functions within critical areas such as: (1) intelligence and warning, border and transportation security, domestic terrorism; (2) protecting critical infrastructure and defending against catastrophic terrorism; and (3) emergency preparedness and consequence management. The first area focuses primarily on preventing terrorist attacks, the second area on reducing the nation's vulnerabilities, and the third on minimizing the damage and recovery from the aftermath of terrorist attacks. (3 crs.)

JUS211 - Organized Crime

This course is a complete examination of the dynamic referred to as organized crime, commencing with its historical underpinnings. Specific crimes, such as racketeering, extortion, bribery, official corruption, graft, drugs, prostitution and other illicit trafficking, will be analyzed. Investigative techniques and prosecutorial strategies that relate to the identification and elimination of organized crime are a major component of the course content. (3 crs.)

JUS215 - Victimology

This course will examine issues surrounding the central character in a criminal act – the victim. Contents are designed to develop an understanding of what it means to be victimized, including the physical, psychological and economic impact of crime upon victims, their families and society in general. Special consideration will be given to specific victim populations (i.e., survivors of homicides, sexual assault and family violence), secondary victimization by the criminal system, victim assistance programs, and future trends in this field. A full review of how the American justice system has responded to the needs of victims is part of the course content and includes a look at victim testimony at sentencing and parole and probation hearings, victim notification, Meghan's law, victim advisory and protection services, and other means in which the judicial system assures victim participation during the adjudicative phase. (3 crs.)

JUS305 - International Criminal Justice

This course compares and contrasts the criminal justice system of the United States with the systems of other countries on a substantive and procedural basis. It provides a thorough examination of other cultural models of law and justice so that differences in justice processing and definition become apparent. Emphasis is placed on international policing, international crimes, and international courts. (3 crs.)

JUS309 - White-Collar Crime

This course considers crimes committed by corporations as well as white-collar criminals: how such crimes are defined; who commits or is victimized by them; which moral, ethical, legal and social contexts promote them; and how society responds. Procedural and policy considerations in the investigation and enforcement of relevant statutes will also be covered, including the concept of legal privilege, the role of the grand jury and other pretrial processes, evidentiary questions, litigation strategies, and potential sanctions and other punishments. (3 crs.)

JUS331 - Juvenile Justice System

This course covers the juvenile justice system, with special emphasis on the way it procedurally differs from adult offender adjudication. The parts of the juvenile justice system, hearings, due process standards and constitutional mandates are fully reviewed. Status offenders and other youth classifications are considered together with a historical summary of juvenile court philosophy. New trends in the procedural disposition of juveniles, especially transfer to adult jurisdiction, types of punishment, suitability of the death penalty, are discussed. Prerequisite: JUS 101 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS335 - Corporate Security Law

A focused examination familiarizes students with the origins and development of private security, with an emphasis on defining security's role in the administration of justice, its historical underpinnings, types of security services in the American marketplace, and the legal aspects of private-sector justice. Further considerations are regulation, licensing, the civil and criminal liability of security personnel, and the ongoing constitutional debate that surrounds private security enforcement. Exactly how private-sector justice operatives are legally liable for their conduct, as contrasted with the public justice official, is a major feature of the course design. (3 crs.)

JUS338 - Executive Protection

Assassinations and kidnapping of political and corporate leadership has increased significantly in the past century. Terrorists and extremists groups, rogue states, drug cartels, transnational criminal groups, to local criminals and extremists working alone, have found an effective strategy to influence polities and societies. This course will prepare the security and justice studies student to operate and develop security policy in any environment that requires complex coordination and security measures needed to protect executive leadership at all levels, to include their personal and organizational assets, and their families. This course will examine the theories of executive protection (security), analyze assassination and kidnapping case studies on the corporate, national, and international levels, determine security failures that have led to the assassination or kidnapping, and develop security policy to prevent such attacks. (3 crs.)

JUS345 - Probation And Parole

This course examines the theory and practices of probation and parole with juvenile and adult offenders, including release philosophy, bail and petition, hearings on grant, revocation or denial, alternative community-based corrections, and legal issues that emerge in award revocation or imposition of probation and parole. (3 crs.)

JUS361 - Court Systems

An examination of the American judicial system, highlighting state, local and federal tribunals, including an assessment of their hierarchy, subject matter jurisdiction and administration, this course will also review judicial reasoning, judicial process and the chief personnel responsible for judicial operations. More particularly, the course will expose the various phases inherent in civil and criminal litigation, including the concepts of jurisdiction, venue, parties and the pleadings that guide advocacy. Typical case calendars and dockets will be examined throughout the course so that students may acquire a complete understanding of the litigation process. Prerequisite: JUS 101 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.

JUS365 - Justice Theories

Courtroom procedures used in criminal and civil trial courts are studied as students examine the courtroom environment through guided reading and critical evaluation of a mock trial case study. Students are expected to participate in simulated mock trial proceedings in the classroom with an emphasis on the roles of law enforcement, attorneys, prosecutors. forensics, and expert witnesses in the trial process. This course requires both independent work product and team collaboration. It is recommended for students pursuing careers in legal fields, law enforcement, and forensics. (3 crs)

JUS375 - Criminal Law

An introduction to substantive criminal law that reviews the social, philosophical and legal foundations of criminal codification, the course also covers the historical development of criminal law in the U.S. Other subject matter includes parties to crimes, including principals/accessories, criminal capacity, criminal elements (e.g., mens rea and actus reus), and the specific crimes against person, property and public order. Lastly, the course captures criminal law from the defendant's perspective by reviewing the accused's mental states, potential defenses and uses of mitigation. Prerequisite: JUS 101 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS376 - Criminal Procedure

Criminal Procedure is the study of the criminal justice process including the law of arrests, search and seizure; the making of bail; adjudication; pretrial and post-trial activities; and the nature of plea bargaining. Substantial emphasis is given to the constitutional protections afforded through the Bill of Rights, particularly the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th and 14th. This course deals extensively with case law applications of these principles and the role of judge and jurist in the crafting of criminal process standards. This is a writing intensive course. Prerequisites: JUS 101, or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS380 - Crime Scene Imaging

This course is designed to expose students to the crime scene imaging process while learning traditional film, video and digital imaging techniques. Techniques and methods of crime scene imaging focus on practical exercises as well as general viewports of crime scene documentation. Topics include the fundamentals of photographing scenes from general to specific utilizing the overall, middle range and close-up "three-step" method. Crime scene imaging techniques, both basic and advanced, will be discussed and practiced while photographing mock crime scenes. The advanced technique of crime scene imaging includes the use of digital cameras; the digital darkroom; crime scene panorama; creation of court charts; and the enhancement and analysis of latent prints, footwear, tire impressions, questioned documents, security video image enhancement and restoration. (3 crs.)

JUS385 - Violence and the Media

This course will analyze media violence and its potential influence on various audiences. Specific variableswill be examined in relation to aggression and consequent, violence. Violence will be examined within different media contexts - including news, film, television, pornography, advertising and internet. The daily repetition of media violence will also be examined as it promotes the normalization and legitimization of violent behaviors. This course will also examine violence and aggression in relation to its historical, cultural, and contemporary influences and sources. (3 crs.)

JUS394 - Problems in Policing

This course involves discussion and study of specific problems of law enforcement and policing in contemporary American society. It emphasizes the development, nature and function of law enforcement as it relates to public criminal justice rather than private sector justice. Topical coverage consists of ethics, corruption, deadly force and civil liabilities, and other dilemmas commonly faced in the modern police system. (3 crs.)

JUS395 - The Death Penalty

An examination of death penalty policies in the American justice system from a legal, ethical and jurisprudential perspective, this course includes analysis of case and statutory law, the principles of due process, and appellate rights. (3 crs.) Prerequisite: JUS 375 or permission of the instructor.

JUS397 - Law And Evidence

This course is a comprehensive review of evidentiary principles, both common law and statutory, and how evidentiary standards affect and govern both the civil and criminal process. Topical coverage includes real and physical evidence, demonstrative substitution, hearsay and firsthand evidence, witness scope and qualification, as well as privilege principles. Both federal and state rules will be interpreted. Students will be required to advocate cases utilizing these evidentiary principles in a mock court environment and to research an area of emerging evidence law. Prerequisite: JUS 101 or by permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS399 - Selected Topics in Law and Justice

This course is a focused examination of an emerging and dynamic problem or issue in the study and practice of criminal justice. Special subject matter not ordinarily covered in the existing curricula can be presented by interested faculty. Examples include, but are not limited to, alternative punishment schemes, euthanasia and mercy killing, civil disobedience and the rule of law, minorities in the justice system, affirmative action policy, police use of force, and women in criminal justice. (3 crs.)

JUS400 - Foreign Study in Law and Justice

A semester, summer or special visit to a foreign nation or international venue to study different justice and legal systems, this course typically involves law, law enforcement, criminal intelligence, courts and judicial process, and corrections. Instruction relates to the study of law and justice and affords a comparative view of foreign and international models. The experience consists not only of study, but also visits to justice agencies, research, travel to historical and cultural locations, and social activities. Credits will vary according to course offerings, time and length of experience. (Variable crs. to a maximum of 12 crs.)

JUS425 - Advanced Criminal Law and Investigation

This is an advanced course in criminal investigation. The student will learn tactical and strategic criminal investigation techniques focusing on serious crimes such as murder, sexual assault and international crimes. Students will receive an update on substantive as well as procedural criminal law, and they will be able to critically analyze and strategically use circumstantial evidence in cases such as complex conspiracy trials and vice, narcotics and racketeering investigations. The student will also be exposed to new legal concepts in relation to the utilization of advanced electronic surveillance equipment, such as listening devices, electronic monitors and transmitters. Prerequisites: JUS 201, JUS 375 and JUS 376 or by permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS429 - Terrorism

This course examines current terrorism, its origins and ideological bases, with particular attention to its relation to political institutions and the criminal justice process. Specific attention is given methods and means of the terrorist, motivations and modus operandi trends and predictability, and law enforcement's multifaceted reactions to its many devious forms. Legislative efforts to curb the scourge of terrorism are also highlighted. (3 crs.)

JUS430 - Criminal Intelligence Analysis

This course will focus on the intelligence function and its use in crime analysis. It will introduce students to analytical techniques and solutions to everyday law enforcement crime analysis problems. Special attention will be given to understanding crime patterns and trends. Cases related to terrorism, organized crimes, white-collar crimes and street crimes will be analyzed and discussed. Intelligence methods of data collection and analysis will be explored and applied to crime analysis. (3 crs.)

JUS455 - Legal Traditions

This course encompasses a complete examination of the law, its origins, roots and underpinnings in a jurisprudential context. Coverage includes a focused examination of classical, medieval and contemporary legal thinkers. Problems of personal privacy, sexual freedom, procreative control, the imposition of penalties and notions of good will be considered. Course participants will consider these questions: What is law? Is law related to religion and morality? What are the foundations of law in Western culture? Can law, ethics and morality be differentiated? How can a legal system be just? Can law shape morality or does morality shape law? How does Western legal tradition resolve ethical questions, such as abortion, suicide, euthanasia and the death penalty? Is there a unified vision of law that consists of the good, of virtue and the idea of justice? Prerequisite: JUS 101 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS459 - Behavior Analysis/Violent Crim

An upper-level, interdisciplinary course that examines violent crime in accordance with the specific aspects of behavioral analysis and law. Specific course content will examine typologies of crime, organized/disorganized offenders and behaviorally-based crime scene characteristics (including crime scene staging). A particular emphasis will be on the psychopathology of crime, pedophilia, serial killers, human sacrifice rituals, and victimology, and how these factors affect or are affected by, criminal motivation, modus operandi, and signature aspects of violent crime. (3 crs.)

JUS460 - Sex Crimes & Predators

This course will examine the specific etiologies, phases, and methods associated with defined sexual crimes. In addition to the dissection of the sexual crime scenes, various sex offender profiles will be examined with respect to crimes of rape, pedophilia, and other sexual paraphilias. Students will critically examine the modus operandi, ritual, fantasy, and signature aspects of various sexual offenders, as well as, be able to differentiate between trophies and souvenirs left and/or taken with respect to the crime scene. Victim analysis and offender treatment programs will also be discussed. Prerequisites: JUS 101, JUS 105 and JUS 375 or by permission of the instructor.(3 crs.)

JUS465 - Justice Practices

Courtroom procedures used in criminal and civil trial courts are studied as students examine the courtroom environment through the guided reading and critical evaluation of a mock trial case study. Students are expected to participate in simulated mock trial proceedings in the classroom with an emphasis on the roles of law enforcement, attorneys, prosecutors, forensics, and expert witnesses in the trial process. This course requires both independent work product and team collaboration. It is recommended for students pursuing careers in legal fields, law enforcement, and forensics.

JUS466 - Leadership and Ethics in Justice Studies

This course introduces the individual principles and theories of effective leadership and ethics specific to criminal justice and professional security organizations. This is a special type of leadership and ethics designed specifically for the professional working in a dynamic and hostile environment. It is common for public service professionals in the first responder, law enforcement, corrections, security or any professional field in the justice arena to unexpectedly be placed in a temporary or permanent leadership position, or be promoted to a supervisory position, with little or no leadership and ethics education or additional preparation. A critical part of the leadership and ethics course is the analysis and evaluation of ethics and value-based leadership and the definition of leadership and its key components. Theories of leadership and leadership styles will be examined. The leadership framework will be discussed: what a leader must be, which includes values, ethics and attributes such as loyalty, duty, respect, selflessness, honor, integrity, personal courage, and mental, physical and emotional attributes; what a leader must know, which includes skills such as interpersonal, conceptual, technical and tactical; and what a leader must do, which includes a leader's influencing, operating and improving actions in a dynamic environment. The challenge of initially taking charge of an organization will also be emphasized. The class will include situational critical-thinking exercises and conclude with an in-class capstone exercise. Prerequisite: JUS 101. (3 crs.) Seniors only.

JUS470 - Crimes Against Children

This is a course that examines criminal activity targeted against children. The course will focus on the physical and sexual abuse, neglect, kidnapping, and sexual exploitation of children. Students will explore methods of identifying victims, investigating offenders and court presentation of criminal cases. Special attention is focused on the dynamics of the relationship between victims and offenders and how that is a factor in the investigation and prosecution of criminal acts. Prerequisite: JUS 101 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS485 - Forensic Law

An interdisciplinary course covering law, criminal justice, science and technological issues in the evidentiary arena. Coverage in the course provides a broad-based assessment of expert witnesses, microanalysis, pathological evidence, admissibility and investigatory practice, ballistics, fingerprints, DNA, and photographic techniques. Contrasted with criminalistics, subject matter of this course is primarily evidentiary. More particularly, the course will delve into the rules of evidence which guide the admissibility of forensic evidence in a court of law. Examination includes threshold tests for reliability and admissibility, qualification of witnesses competent to testify, scientific rigor required for admission, and case law determinations on the use and abuse of scientific evidence. Prerequisites: JUS 375 and JUS 376 (3 crs.)

JUS487 - Computer Forensics

This course is designed to expose students to legal and technical aspects of computer forensics. The methods of the collection, preservation, analysis and presentation of digital evidence will be presented to properly conduct a computer forensics investigation. The focus of this course will be on how law enforcement obtains electronic evidence, maintaining the evidentiary chain, as well as the legal aspects of the search and seizures of computers and related materials. Prerequisite: JUS 105 or permission of the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS488 - Cyber Crime Investigation

As computers become more common in businesses and households, it is inevitable that the information or evidence an investigator seeks will be stored in those computers or will involve use of the Internet. Data networks now in place allow us to transmit information to and from virtually any location on Earth in a timely and efficient manner. But what has this tremendous enhancement in communications technology brought us? - another opportunity for criminal activity to take place. Who are the criminal in cyberspace? Understanding cybercrime requires an understanding of the technology that is being used to commit the criminal acts. The investigation of cyber crimes requires highly specialized skills. This course is designed to expose students to legal and technical aspects of cyber crime investigation. The guidelines of the collection, preservation, analysis, and presentation of digital evidence will be presented to properly conduct a cyber crime investigation. The focus of this course will be on how law enforcement investigate a cyber crime, obtains electronic evidence, maintaining the evidentiary chain, as well as the legal aspects of the search and seizures of computers, smart phones and related digital devices.

JUS490 - Forensic Accounting

An advanced review of strategies and tactics essential to the fraud examination process. Course presentation assumes basic accounting knowledge and guides the student into specialized applied settings indicative of forensic accounting. Coverage includes financial statement analysis, interpretation and scrutiny of financial records and documentation, trace techniques, reporting irregularities, fraud examination approaches, and legal rules and statutory construction pertinent to accounting practices. Students will prepare a series of field exercises in common fraud cases, such as bankruptcy, insurance, employee/employer reporting, covert examinations, trading practices and money-laundering schemes. (3 crs.)

JUS494 - Seminar In Justice Studies

This is the capstone course for justice studies students. It will focus on the integration of information learned from different courses with special focus on criminal law and legal issues, theories of crime, juvenile delinquency, law enforcement, corrections, ethics, forensic science, and research methods. This course will be offered to justice studies students in their final semester in which they receive their degrees. All students in this course must take the Criminal Justice ETS exam and the exit survey. Final semester graduating seniors only or special permission from the instructor. (3 crs.)

JUS495 - Research Methods in Justice Studies

This course serves as an introduction to the basic research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. Qualitative and quantitative methods are explained in this course. In addition, ethical issues are focused on in this course. (3 crs.)

JUS496 - Criminological Theories

This course focuses on the study of crimes, criminals, causes of criminal behavior and victimization issues. Students explore how the classical, psychological, sociological, economic, biological and political theories of crime explain criminal behavior, and the impact of these theories on the work of the criminal justice system. (3 crs.) Seniors only.

JUS498 - Justice Studies Internship

An on-site, experiential learning experience where students work at a variety of justice agencies for academic credit is the central aim of the internship program. Intern locations have included government agencies, police departments, prisons, federal and state law enforcement, private security firms, judicial clerkships, legal offices, and legal research concerns. Interns must complete a self-evaluation, perform a series of exercises and assignments, author a log diary and a paper outlining the internship experience, work 45 hours per internship credit, and present an acceptable recommendation from the internship supervisor upon completion of the experience. Attendance at internship seminars for the department is required. (Variable crs.)

JUS499 - Seminar in Justice Studies

This is the capstone course for Justice Studies students. It will focus on the integration of information learned from different courses with special focus on criminal law and legal issues, theories of crime, juvenile delinquency, law enforcement, corrections, ethics, forensic science, and research methods. This course will be offered to justice studies students in their final semester in which they receive their degrees. All students in this course must take the criminal justice ETS exam the exit survey.